NEWS | Studia Phaenomenologica

Translating Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit, Studia Phaenomenologica vol. V/2005

Editor: Cristian Ciocan

Publisher: Romanian Society for Phenomenology & Humanitas
Size: 17cm*24cm / 410 pages
ISSN: 1582-5647 / ISBN: 973-50-1142-5

Translating Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit


Introduction
It is well known that only a few philosophical works have attained an international celebrity in such a short time as compared to Sein und Zeit. Also, few phenomenological works have provoked so many debates and reconfigured in such a radical way the conceptual frame and the main directions of contemporary thought as this Heideggerian masterpiece did. It is not here the place to discuss what exactly turned this volume into a fundamental opus in the history of philosophy and which are the reasons that imposed this oeuvre on the highest arena of international philosophy. There have been already published many volumes which discussed the various aspects of Sein und Zeit’s importance in the field of contemporary thinking.
But the celebrity of Sein und Zeit is also related to the mechanisms of propagation through which this work has attained a worldwide fame. Since one essential element of this propagation consists in the special work of translation, we considered it is worth dedicating an issue of Studia Phaenomenologica to the translations of Sein und Zeit. Therefore, this volume has the intention to cover this specific aspect of the international spread-out of Heidegger’s thought. It is beyond doubt that the influence and the international irradiation of Sein und Zeit are due to the consecutive translations that traversed and irrigated various philosophical cultures of the world. The spread of this oeuvre is simultaneous with the spread of its translations and with their propagation in the networks of other cultures. Thus, besides the exegetical commentary on Heidegger’s thought, the act of translation remains one of the most efficient ways of the worldwide spread of Sein und Zeit, and besides the history of its exegesis, the history of its translations remains equally determinative for the actual state of international Heideggerian research.
Therefore, the main strategists of this propagation are the translators themselves. Because the good reception of Heidegger’s thinking in the various worldwide areas of contemporary philosophy depends on the knowledge and tenacity of each translator. On the other hand, the confrontation that a translator has with Heidegger’s text constitutes maybe one of the most radical experiences of reading Heidegger. And the profound knowledge and the hermeneutical talent that a translator should show constitute decisive ingredients for the validity of any translation whatsoever. Indeed, few things are more reputed as being difficult than a translation from Heidegger, and much more when Sein und Zeit is at stake, a work characterized by a very sharp precision of conceptual articulation and by an extraordinary terminological rigueur. We can reproduce here a suggestive passage from the introduction of the Romanian translation of Sein und Zeit:
In writing Being and time, Heidegger constructed a discourse. This means that he advanced step by step, establishing, with each step, the premises of the next step. There is no single word that has been written accidentally in these pages nor that has appeared without having the quality of a present and future element of construction. Everything entering the stage is taken-over, preserved and introduced in configurations and expressions growing one from the other and amplifying themselves. Perhaps no book in the world has ever been written, in a natural language, in such a rigorous manner. It would be appropriate to compare it with a fugue in which the whole advances as the notes succeed one another in the same order, making one feel that, as they endlessly come back, they never step forward.
(G. LIICEANU, “Cîteva repere”, in M. HEIDEGGER, Fiin?? ?i timp, translated by Gabriel Liiceanu and C?t?lin Cioab?, Humanitas, Bucharest, 2003, p. XV.)
The effort supposed by such an undertaking of translation, the sacrifice required by such a work, the abnegation necessary to linger on minutely on the infinite nuances of a concept or another, developing slowly and making small steps, all that makes the act of translating Heidegger’s opus an act almost heroic in the area of every culture. That’s why this volume is meant to be also a highly deserved tribute to the silent and apparently humble work, but not less sublime, done by the translators of Martin Heidegger’s oeuvre worldwide.
We can indicate some statistical facts concerning our topic. So far, there are complete translations of Sein und Zeit in 21 languages: in Bulgarian, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Greek, Georgian, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Russian, Serbian-Croatian, Slovenian, Spanish and Swedish. There is a recent partial translation in Persian, and there are in preparation translations in Arabic, Norwegian and Turkish. We can easily see that geographically, within these 25 languages, the European languages seem to dominate in comparison to the Extra-European languages (18 versus 7). If we focus on the family languages in which translations of Sein und Zeit were made, we can see that the best represented are the Slavic languages, 6 languages having the privilege of possessing a translation of this work: Bulgarian, Czech, Polish, Russian, Serbo-Croatian and Slovenian. Then, there are 5 Romanic languages in which this translation have been made: in French, Italian, Portuguese, Romanian and Spanish. Only three Germanic languages have a translation of Being and Time: Dutch, English, and Swedish (however, as the forth one, the Norwegian translation is under preparation). Also, there are translations in two Finno-Ugric languages (in Finnish and Hungarian) and in one basic Indo-European language (Greek). Also, we must note the extra-European spread of Sein und Zeit through extra-European languages. We can find a translation in one Caucasian language (Georgian), in one Semitic language (Arabic), in one Turkic language (Turkish), in one Indo-Iranian language (Persian), in one Sino-Tibetan language (Chinese) and in other two Altaic languages (Japanese and Korean).
The Eurocentric dominance is however equilibrated by the fact that we can find the most numerous translations in an Asiatic language: Sein und Zeit has been translated 6 times in Japanese. The next place is occupied also by an Asian language, the Korean, who has 3 complete translations accomplished of Heidegger’s magum opus. Then, two translations can be found in English, French, Italian and Spanish; here, we can mention that French has a third but partial translation. Only one complete translation is to be found in Bulgarian, Chinese, Czech, Dutch, Finnish, Greek, Georgian, Hungarian, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian (where another partial translation can be found), in Russian, Serbian-Croatian, Slovenian, and Swedish. Finally, only a partial translation is to be found in Persian. Statistically, we can also mention that there are three women translators of Sein und Zeit: Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback in Portuguese, Joan Stambaugh in English and Andrina Tonkli-Komel in Slovenian.
To the “quantitative” record of the Japanese culture, with its 6 complete translations (some of them reworked and re-edited), we can add another one: the Japanese has also the merit of having made, chronologically, the first translation of Sein und Zeit in 1939-40. This first Japanese translation was followed only in 1951 by the Spanish translation, in 1953 by the Italian one, in 1962 by the English one. In 1964, when the first partial French version was being made, the Japanese translators have already finished the fourth complete translation of Sein und Zeit.
Regarding the 25 languages in which Sein und Zeit was translated, there are 38 complete translations of Heidegger’s work, 4 partial translations (in French 1964, in Romanian 1994, in English 2001, in Persian 2001), and other 16 reworked re-editions of some of these translations. For a clearer perspective the reader can find next to this introduction a Timeline of Sein und Zeit, an overview that benefited by the help of many authors in this volume. Also, due to our Italian colleague, Corrado Badocco, we publish a prospect of the German editions of Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit, who also helped us, as well as other scholars, to offer a bibliography concerning the topic: “Heidegger and Translation”.
We must say that the seminal idea of this volume comes from the main Romanian translator of Sein und Zeit, Gabriel Liiceanu, who launched this idea in a discussion with the Spanish translator, Jorge Eduardo Rivera, at the Institute Cervantes of Bucharest in 2003. This discussion was also honored by the presence of Walter Biemel, who received in the very next day the title of Doctor Honoris Causa at the University of Bucharest.
We invited to participate in all the translators of Sein und Zeit. Finally, 22 translators, corresponding to 17 languages, have accepted our invitation: translators in Bulgarian, Czech, Dutch, English, Finnish, French, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Japanese, Korean, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovenian, Spanish, Swedish, and Turkish. For an easier and more neutral perspective, we ordered their articles in the alphabetical order of their languages. In a few cases, we invited translators whose work is soon to be published, and translators involved in the work of re-editing and re-making older translations. For various reasons, there are seven languages in which Sein und Zeit was translated (or is to be translated soon) and which are not represented in this volume: Arabic, Chinese, Georgian, Norwegian, Persian, Polish and Russian.
The aim of this volume is to discuss the challenge that this masterpiece has addressed to each language and also to make manifest the impact and irradiation that this work has produced all over the world in various national cultures. We have suggested the authors to cover in their contributions some of the following aspects that we deem as central to the purpose of our volume: 1) The historical aspect, regarding the context and status of Heidegger translations in the respective country at the moment of translating Sein und Zeit; 2) The auto-biographical aspect: each translator was invited to tell the personal story of his/her own involvement with Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit, how he/she came to translate this masterpiece; 3) The personal “adventure” of the translation itself: the translator is invited to tell the story of his/her confrontation with Heidegger’s text and of its most difficult aspects; 4) The impact the translation of Sein und Zeit had on that culture; 5) The different possibilities of translating Heidegger’s work – the “literal” translation vs. the “hermeneutical-interpretative” one – and the translator’s reasons for choosing one manner or another; 6) The capacity of each language to undertake the task of expressing what is idiomatic in Heidegger’s work, and consequently what seems to be un-translatable.
Following this central topic, we invited several researchers to discuss in a shorter dossier the state of the Heideggerian translations in the last decade, not only the translation of Sein und Zeit. This second dossier contains 5 review-articles which focus on Heidegger-translations in English, Finnish, French, Italian, and Romanian.
We are very thankful to our friends and colleagues who helped us in configuring this volume, in the diverse stages of its elaboration: Emanuela Timotin, Andrei Timotin, Gabriel Cercel, Paul Balogh, Bogdan Minc?, Corrado Badocco and Aurelién Demars.

TRANSLATING HEIDEGGER’S SEIN UND ZEIT

BULGARIAN:

[-]
Dimiter Georgiev Saschew, Rezeptionsgeschichte ohne Ende. Heideggers Werk Sein und Zeit auf Bulgarisch
Abstract: The following paper discusses from the point of view of the translator the obstacles, both institutional and linguistic, encountered during the introduction of Heidegger’s book Being and Time in the Bulgarian socio-cultural context. In particular some basic terms, which compose the core of Heidegger’s book, have been thoroughly analyzed. These include terms and categories such as: Dasein, Geschichte / Historie, Zeitigkeit / Zeitlichkeit, Gegenwart / Gegen-wart, Zukunft / Zukommen, Gewärtigen, Vergangenheit, Man / Manselbst, Bewandtnis and others. Concrete arguments have been given in order to prove that direct borrowing of some of those terms, existing in translations from Russian and other languages, is not feasible.

CZECH:

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Ivan Chavtík, Wie es eigentlich gewesen ist. Über Ursprung und Methode der tschechischen Übersetzung von Sein und Zeit
Abstract: The following article presents how the first Czech phenomenologist Jan Pato?ka became a student of Edmund Husserl and how he motivated in the 70s a small group of Czech phenomenologists to begin the translation of Sein und Zeit, which started after his death in 1977. The article then describes how this translation was secretly “published” in the 80s, under the circumstances of the communist totalitarian regime, as successive installments. It then discusses examples of how the linguistic translation difficulties were solved and how the entire book was finally and officially published in the middle of the 90s.

DUTCH:

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Mark Wildschut, Heidegger into D(e)ut(s)ch
Abstract: In this contribution the author sketches his main motives for translating Sein und Zeit into Dutch. First, the author argues that Hei­degger’s text – and its translation – can clarify its notions better than most of Heidegger’s interprets can do. Then, the author shows that Heideg­ger’s method, being hermeneutics, has intrinsically to do with translation. Referring to the genesis of his translation, the author points at some gen­eral peculiarities of Heidegger’s use of language, insisting upon their mean­ing for the translation of Heidegger’s work into Dutch.

ENGLISH:

[-]
John Macquarrie, Heidegger’s language and the problems of translation
Abstract: The article tells the detailed story of the first translation of Sein und Zeit in English, i.e. the way a Scottish pastor and an Ameri­can scholar joined their efforts to find a suitable path of breaking the “myth of untranslatability” which surrounded at the time Sein und Zeit. The story also covers their method of translation, the obstacles they encountered, while covering in depth the different types of “linguistic oddities” of the Heideggerian idiom which often puzzles the translators: new or compound words, etymologies, grouping words in “constellations” which stem from the same root.

 

[-]
Joan Stambaugh, Attempting to translate Being and Time
Abstract: In this article, the author narrates the story of the second English trans­lation of Being and Time. In the first part, the author describes both the personal history and the general cultural situation which led to the necessity of a new trans­lation of Sein und Zeit. In the second part of the essay, the author discusses some of the Heideggerian terms as Da-sein, Wiederholung, Verfallen, Geworfenheit, Befindlichkeit, focusing on the meaning and the central role of temporality in the project of existential analytic.

 

FINNISH:

[-]
Reijo Kupiainen, Finnish approaches to Sein und Zeit
Abstract: Finnish is a small language area and classical philosophical transla­tions have been largely missing. Translating Sein und Zeit brings forth some spe­cific difficulties. Finnish philosophical tradition is mostly analytical and we don’t have established phenomenological concepts. For example, the word “Dasein” is translated in several different ways. Following Heidegger’s own method and philosophy of language a translator has to find his own path situated in the near­ness of Being and language. Therefore a translation is always an act of rewrit­ing. Heidegger’s own roots in philosophical traditions of Neo-Kantianism, Aristotle and primal Christian thought must be taken into account as well.

FRENCH:

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Rudolf Boehm, L’être et le temps d’une traduction
Abstract: In this article, the author explains the context and circumstances in which he begun, back in the 60s, the first French translation of Sein und Zeit, in collaboration with Alphonse de Waehlens. The article describes the meth­ods and perspectives the first French translators adopted during their work of translation. The article ends with a few considerations concerning the incom­pleteness of the Heideggerian’s project of Sein und Zeit, explaining this non-achievement by Heidegger’s abandonment of the existential perspective he assumed in Sein und Zeit.

 

[-]
François Vezin, Vingt ans après. Philosophie et pédagogie de la traduction
Abstract: In the beginning of this article, the author discusses the biographi­cal context of his engagement in the French translation of Sein und Zeit in the 1980s, under the guidance of Jean Beaufret. He integrates the discussion into the general problem of philosophical translation. The author argues that one of the most important things in this matter is the decision of translating. Concerning Heidegger translations, the author – answering to some critics he received – in­sists upon the idea of the intimate relationship between thinking and poetry, jus­tifying his constant appeal to examples from literature in his translator’s notes at the end of his version of Sein und Zeit.

GREEK:

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Johann Tzavaras, Heideggers Hauptwerk in Neugriechisch
Abstract: In this paper I try to underline both the positive and negative cir­cumstances in which I began translating Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit in Greek. In 1971 I started, as a young student of philosophy, to study and translate this book, although I misunderstood it and considered it a paradigm of “existentiale”, not existential philosophy. I benefited essentially from both the English and the French translations and I’ve also received great help from my Greek mentor, E. N. Platis. I published my translation in two volumes, one in 1978 and the oth­er in 1985 and the critics have been very positive. At the beginning, I gave exten­ded explanations about the translation problems and my solutions in a paper published in 1974. In the following years, I wrote articles about the Heideg­gerian concepts, in order to facilitate a better understanding of his philosophy.

HUNGARIAN:

[-]
Mihaly Vajda, Die Geschichte eines Abenteuers. Sein und Zeit auf Ungarisch
Abstract: The author, as the leader of the team that translated Heidegger’s Sein und Zeit into Hungarian, tells the story of the translation. The members of this team were anything else but experts in Heidegger. Belonging to the so-called “democratic opposition” at the beginning of the ‘80s, they asked the author, a dissent himself, to hold for them a private seminar on modern phenomenolo­gy. It is here where they read Husserl, Scheler, and wanted to read Heidegger as well. Their German, however, was not good enough to understand Being and Time in the original. That’s why they decided to translate it into Hungarian. In a few years the translation was ready – three years ago, in 2001, it was even pub­lished its second, revised edition. In the second part of this short essay, the au­thor deals with those Heideggerian words that have proven to present the most serious difficulties at that time, and explains the nature of their difficulties in some cases: Sein, Seiendes, Dasein, Da, Bewandtnis, Zuhanden, Vorhanden, das Man, Befindlichkeit, Angst, Eigentlichkeit, Unheimlichkeit, Platz, Ort.

ITALIAN:

 

[-]
Alfredo Marini, La nouvelle traduction italienne d’Être et temps
Abstract: The author explains in a summary way a series of aspects which point to the need, now as well as 18 years ago, of a new Italian translation of Sein und Zeit. Besides the new interpretative perspec­tive coming from the publication of Heidegger’s Freiburg and Mar­burg lectures, the inaccuracies of the first Italian translation (in both editions: of 1953 and 1970; the third edition 2005 maintains the origi­nal terminology of P. Chiodi) can be resumed to the following: 1. the translation stands upon an Existentialist interpretation of the existential analytic and does not comprehend that the Heideggerian meditation of die Frage nach dem Sinn vom Sein als solchen should be understood in a radically positive direction. 2. It shows an insufficient knowledge of Dilthey and Husserl, both playing an essential role in Heidegger’s philo­sophical project. 3. It does not take into account that the real object of Heidegger’s meditation in Sein und Zeit is the Vorfrage des Seins and the language of metaphysics; therefore it does not acknowledge the sys­tematic character of his terminology and makes difficult the under­standing of Heidegger’s Wende (which the first translation confounds with the Kehre of the Seinsfrage).

JAPANESE:

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Jiro Watanabe, Aus meiner Erfahrung der japanischen Übersetzung
Abstract: I have first translated Sein und Zeit in Japanese in 1971 in collabora­tion with my elder colleague Prof. Hara in Tokyo. But in 1976 both he and Mar­tin Heidegger died, and in 1977 a new edition of Sein und Zeit was published as part of Heidegger’s complete works. This new edition included many mar­ginal notes of Heidegger’s and many textual revisions made by Heidegger him­self. Therefore, I have published in 2003, based on the old version of my Japanese translation, a totally revised Japanese translation of Sein und Zeit, in which, as translator, I have written a new introduction, many explicatory notes about Hei­degger’s marginal notes and textual modifications and a chronological detailed record of Heidegger’s career. Out of this experience, I would like to detail upon two aspects: first, any nowadays reader of this work must study not only the original text itself, but also, by all means, Heidegger’s marginal notes, in order to correctly grasp a development of his thought on Being. Secondary, a read­er must especially pay attention to the difficult problem of the relationship be­tween authenticity and inauthenticity of the Being-in-the-world, because here is the most basic problem of the existence of Dasein and it is here the place where the turning point in Heidegger’s later thought on Being has its origin.

 

[-]
Ryosuke Ohashi, Heidegger ins Japanische übersetzen
Abstract: In this article, the author begins by noticing a statistical fact: from the seven Japanese translations of Being and Time, in five cases the German word Sein has been translated as sonzai, and in two cases as u. This fact invites the author to a discussion about the Japanese un­derstanding of “Being”, which is developed on three levels: the ques­tion of language, the question of historical-cultural world, and the question of the “European”, understood as a Western principle, depicting this “Abend-land” as a region threatened by night.

KOREAN:

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Kwang-Hie Soh, The difficulties of translating Heidegger’s terminology into Korean
Abstract: In this contribution, I sketch the historical context in which the first Korean translation of Sein und Zeit started and the difficulties faced during the process of translation. The translation took about ten years. It is quite difficult to understand Heidegger’s terms and more difficult to translate them into Ko­rean because they have multiple meanings and nuances. So I translated those terms as literally as I could, but sometimes I had to take liberties. When needed, I ex­plained the literal meaning and the usage of the terms in the footnotes.

 

[-]
Ki-Sang Lee, The “Happening of Being” and the Horizon of Being. Enowning of the Understanding of Being in Korea
Abstract: I have spent 20 years preparing for the translation of Heidegger’s Being and Time. In these 20 years, I spent 10 years in Germany writing the mas­ter and doctoral thesis on Heidegger in order to understand Heidegger’s thoughts properly. Later on I spent other 10 years teaching Heidegger’s philosophy at university while translating Being and Time into Korean. At that time, there were already 4 different translations of Being and Time in Korean. But because these translations were based on Japanese translations, many concepts and terms were ungraspable by ordinary Korean people. Impressed with Heidegger’s use of the ordinary words as important philosophical concepts, I also did my best to translate Being and Time using ordinary Korean words.

PORTUGUESE:

[-]
Marcia Sa Cavalcante Schuback, Die Gabe und Aufgabe des Währenden
Abstract: The present text discusses the problems concerning the trans­lation and the non- translation of the thinking word Dasein in Sein und Zeit. Assuming that for Heidegger Dasein is transcendence and this as an in-finitive trans-lation from a substantive and substantial meaning of being to a verbal one, it becomes necessary to translate the word Da­sein in Sein und Zeit above all within the German language itself. The task of translating the thinking word Dasein is therefore the one of mak­ing possible the work of thought in which the destruction of the sub­stantialistic meaning of being can take place always anew. Showing the verbal temporality of the thinking word Dasein as the internal and as­pectual temporality of a Währenden, the article explains the translat­ing choices made in my translation of Sein und Zeit into Portuguese.

ROMANIAN:

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C?t?lin Cioab?, Über die Wahrheit und Richtigkeit einer philosophischen Übersetzung. Der Terminus „Bewandtnis“ in Sein und Zeit
Abstract: The article starts off with some meditations on the question of the much-debated “non-translatibility of German philosophy”, which, in the particular case of Martin Heidegger, proves to be even more acute. Nevertheless, the conclusion of these thoughts is that, on the contrary, a translation of a philosophical text is meant finally not only to medi­ate between two languages, but also to be for itself a necessary step in a more profound understanding of an original text. Following this logic, the article presents in details the decisions taken by the Romanian trans­lators in rendering the concept most difficult to translate from Being and Time: Bewandtnis.

SLOVENIAN:

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Dean Komel, Sprache der Philosophie zwischen Tradition und Übersetzung
Abstract: The philosophical translation should be considered as a spe­cial usage of language. The author reflects upon the spiritual, historical and intercultural roles of translation and its significance for the philo­sophical experience of Slovenian language, a very important one in the case of translating Being and Time. The problem is how to turn this hermeneutic experience into a concrete translation.

 

[-]
Andrina Tonkli-Komel, Husserl in Sein und Zeit. Zur Umdeutung der phänomenologischen Terminologie in Sein und Zeit
Abstract: The translation of Being and Time is in different ways con­nected with the understanding of Heidegger’s hermeneutical destruc­tion of the basic philosophic concepts. The translator of Being and Time is further faced with complex theoretical questions, such as the relation between Husserl’s transcendental phenomenology and Heidegger’s hermeneutical phenomenology. The article aims to recognize the im­portance of Husserl’s phenomenological investigations for the genesis of several central concepts in Being and Time.

SPANISH:

[-]
Jorge-Eduardo Rivera, Translating Being and Time into Spanish
Abstract: This article discusses what could be called “the adventure of translating” Sein und Zeit in Spanish. It argues that every translation is an adventure, and particularly the translation of a philosophical text. A translation does not literally reproduce into another language what an author or philosopher affirms. The question is instead to express it in the most accurate form with the resources of the translator’s language, in such a way that the text may sound as if it was written in the lan­guage to which it is to be translated. This article refers to the very long route that the author had to go over in order to make Sein und Zeit “speak” a good and clear Spanish.

SWEDISH:

[-]
Richard Matz, Some words about my way to Heidegger
Abstract: These pages belong to the Swedish translator of Sein und Zeit, Richard Matz, who unfortunately died september 1992. The text is tak­en from the correspondence between Richard Matz and the Portuguese translator of Sein und Zeit, Marcia Sá Cavalcante Schuback, who trans­lated it from Swedish and explained in a final note the context in which they met and discussed about Heidegger translations, invoking also the figure and personality of Richard Matz.

TURKISH:

[-]
Kaan H. Ökten, „Sein“ ist nicht gleich „Sein“. Translating Sein und Zeit into Turkish
Abstract: The Turkish translation of Sein und Zeit has not yet been complet­ed. Therefore it is not the subject of this paper whether or not Heidegger’s opus magnum can possibly be übersetzt, übertragen, or deutend dargestellt in an en­tirely different language such as Turkish. What is going to be discussed, instead, are the ways in which Heidegger can be presented by using the authentic ca­pabilities of Turkish; the different alternatives of such a presentation; the no­tions and contexts that those alternatives would materialize in the mind of a person who speaks and thinks in Turkish; and, finally, the extent to which those materialized concepts match the objectives that Heidegger had in mind. It is interesting, for that reason, that, for example, varlik does not always mean var­lik in Turkish, while Sein always does mean Sein in German.

HEIDEGGER TRANSLATIONS IN THE LAST DECADE:

ENGLISH:

[-]
Theodore Kisiel, Review and Overview of Recent Heidegger Translations and their German Originals: A Grassroots Archival Perspective
Abstract: This survey seeks to define the present situation and climate for translating Heidegger into English after the disastrous translation (1999) of the Beiträge, Heidegger’s second magnum opus after Sein und Zeit. The 12 translations that have appeared since then tend to handle Heidegger’s neologisms in less ludicrous ways and continue to find ways to bend the highly restrictive rules imposed on translations by Hei­degger’s literary executor. There are still errors of omission and com­mission in the German originals that carry over into the translations. A few of the English translators add to the errors of omission and com­mission but most tend to be competent and conscientious, producing excellent results. Yet even the best translators slack off in their production of the permitted glossaries, which are indispensable for demarcating Hei­degger’s terminology in the time period involved and provide the read­er a starting basis for an index, which is prohibited.

FINNISH:

[-]
Tere Vadén, Probing for Indo-European connections. Heidegger translations in Finnish
Abstract: The Finnish Heidegger translations point to a problem cre­ated by the history of the language: words having to do with technol­ogy, metaphysics and so on are mostly direct loans from Indo-European languages with little connection to the rest of the vocabulary. This pres­ents the translators with a dilemma: if one wants to retain Heidegger’s poetic and etymologising style, the Finnish tends to miss the essential contact to Greek-German-Western origins.

FRENCH:

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Christian Sommer, Traduire la lingua heideggeriana. Remarque sur la traduction selon Heidegger, suivie d’une note sur la situation de la traduction de Heidegger en France depuis 1985
Abstract: This contribution discusses the problem of translating Hei­degger. Heidegger’s „reiterative destruction“, the core of his phenom­enological method in the 20s, is operating as an over-interpretative translation of a traditional text to reveal what is unwritten and unsaid in it. What does it mean, therefore, to translate Heidegger, i.e. to trans­late a translation? In the second part we briefly present a survey of French translations from Heidegger’s works in the last twenty years and discuss the problematic editorial situation in France.

ITALIAN:

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Nicola Curcio, „Dasselbe ist niemals das Gleiche“. Heidegger auf Italienisch und die Debatte im letzten Jahrzehnt (1995-2005)
Abstract. There are two main tendencies regarding the recent Italian translations from Heidegger: on the one hand there is a tendency of mak­ing his thought comprehensible to the Italian public by any means; on the other hand there is the determination to render the text so faith­fully as to risk stretching the limits of the Italian language – and hav­ing to resort to references to the glossary, as is the case of the latest translation of Holzwege. The admirable thinking efforts that also lay behind the attempts in the latter tendency can be better supported by hypertextual electronic publishing.

ROMANIAN:

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Laura Tu?a-Ilea, Heideggers Übersetzung ins Rumänische: Ein Überblick
Abstract: In the past 20 years, 7 Romanian translations from Heideg­ger’s Complete Works have been published. They can be grouped in 3 phases: 1. the introductory phase (The Origin of the Work of Art, Path marks, Introduction to Metaphysics), creating a horizon for Heidegger’s thinking, almost unknown to the Romanian audience beforehand; 2) the etymological phase (Parmenides), trying to revive the Romanian linguistic and philosophical equivalences: 3) and the technical-systematic phase (Being and Time, Concept of Time, History of the Concept of Time. Prole­gomena), creating a mature Romanian phenomenological language.

REVIEW ARTICLES:

 

[-]
Larisa Cercel, Hermeneutik des Übersetzens. Heidegger, Gadamer und die Translationswissenschaft
Abstract: This article attempts to start an interdisciplinary dialogue, deal­ing with the different approaches on translation coming from philoso­phy and translation studies. The article argues that, despite many efforts of describing the phenomenon of translation from the point of view of linguistics, theory of literature and communication sciences, it is only the hermeneutical perspective that is able to interpret this phenomenon starting from itself and thus to reach to a comprehensive understand­ing of it. Hermeneutical reflections on translating came both from the hermeneutic philosophy (F. E. D. Schleiermacher, M. Heidegger, H.­ G. Gadamer, P. Ricoeur) and from the translation studies (F. Paepcke, R. Stolze in Germany, H. Meschonnic, A. Bermann and J.-R. Ladmi­ral in France, G. Steiner in the Anglo-American area). However these two orientations have not, so far, entered into a dialogue. It is only these latest three books discussed in the present article that offer the prem­ises of bringing closer the two hermeneutical traditions which devel­oped so far in a parallel fashion, thus setting a starting point for discussing upon a general hermeneutical “theory” of translation.

 

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Gabriel Cercel, Der frühe Philosophiebegriff Martin Heideggers im Lichte neuerer Dokumente und Interpretationen
Abstract: The last decades brought along an increasing historical ap­proach to Heidegger’s thinking in the form of biographical research and ideological critique, also philosophical historiography and history of con­cepts. A consequence of this process is the rediscovery of the young Heidegger, following a long period of considering Heidegger the au­thor of a single book and many other attempts at revising its approach. The present article identifies first the two general tendencies of research. 1. The shift of the interest from the canonical texts to minor texts and historical documents. 2. The temporal regress, first to the Marburg cours­es, than to the Freiburg lectures and the Habilitationsschrift. The books discussed by the article shed light on the latest step of this process, that of the growing shift of interest towards Heidegger’s formation years: the religious background in Meßkirch and his studies of theology, phi­losophy, mathematics and natural sciences in Freiburg.

BOOK REVIEWS:

Ion Copoeru: Madalina Diaconu, Tasten, Riechen, Schmecken, 2005
M?d?lina Diaconu: Silvia Stoller, Veronica Vasterling, Linda Fisher, Feministische Phaenomenologie und Hermeneutik, 2005
Dale Jacquette: Karl Schuhmann, Selected Papers on Phenomenology, 2004
Yves Mayzaud: Hiroshi Gotto, Der Begriff der Person in der Phaenomenologie Husserls, 2004
Francesca Filippi: Gunter Figal, Lebensverstricktheit und Abstandsnahme, 2001
Rolf Kühn: Jacques Derrida, Le toucher, Jean-Luc Nancy, 2000

Cristian CIOCAN

 

Newsletter of Phenomenology – Number 588 (October 2020)

Call for Papers Review of Philosophy and Psychology vol.12: Hostile emotions Deadline: 31st Oct 2020 Studia Phaenomenologica vol.21: From witnessing to testimony Deadline: 15th Nov 2020 Studia Heideggeriana vol.10: Phenomenology of the self Deadline: 15th Jan 2021 The...